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Facts and Figures *for the City of Las Cruces

The Budget for Fiscal Year 2014-2015 has much more information.
*Information updated around each May.

Las Cruces is the center of an agricultural region irrigated by the Rio Grande, this once small community was known for its rich farmland and New Mexico State University (only land based grant university). The settlement of Las Cruces was created as an overflow area from the colony of Doña Ana. The city has grown rapidly, especially since 1960. The 1910 federal census recorded the Las Cruces population at 3,386. In 1960, the city occupied 10.79 square miles with a population of 29,367. Today, the city is projected to encompass 76.99 square miles, with a population of 103,163. For comparison, Cincinnati, Ohio is 78 square miles with 296,943 population, and Washington, D.C. is 68.3 square miles with 646,449 population. There was a total of $122.4 million in residential and commercial construction activity in our city in 2013.

Las Cruces has 37,176 households with an average of 2.66 occupants (the national average number of occupants is 2.58). The median age of our residents is 31.1 (national median age is 36.8), and the median household income for residents is $40,768.

  • Las Cruces was incorporated on March 4, 1946
  • The City Manager is appointed by the City Council
  • The Council/Manager form of government was established by charter and adopted on January 7, 1985
  • Land area 76.99 square miles
  • Total City property is 49,275.1 acres
  • Total assessed value: $6,184,706,808
  • 627 miles of streets to operate and maintain (with nearly twice as many miles of sidewalks)
  • Residents produce 8.7 million gallons of wastewater (sewage) every day
  • More than 150,000 people visited City museums in 2013
  • Fiscal Year 2014-2015 Budget: $272,703,359

The current (FY2014) City general fund is $85,066,322 (this equates to an average per capita spending of $824.58 per city resident for general government services.

The Gross Receipts Tax for Las Cruces is 7.9375%.

Recipients of the Gross Receipts Tax (GRT) are:

  • City of Las Cruces – 1.9375% - which is about one-fourth of the GRT paid within City limits.
  • Dona Ana County – 0.8750%
  • State of New Mexico – 4.8750%
  • Space Port – 0.2500%


Las Cruces has developed an ever-increasing base of private employers and light manufacturing facilities, with an economy driven by aerospace research and development at nearby White Sands Missile Range. Other major employers of the Las Cruces metropolitan area include the State of New Mexico, New Mexico State University, the City of Las Cruces, Doña Ana County Independent School Districts, Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., Memorial Medical Center, NASA White Sands Test Facility, Doña Ana Community College, Doña Ana County, Mountain View Regional Medical Center, SiTel/Client Logic, Tresco, Inc., and the U.S. Postal Service.

The primary employment sectors and their share of total employment in the Las Cruces metropolitan area comprises:

  • Government Services (29.9%)
  • Education (17.8%)
  • Trade/Transportation/Utilities (14.3%)
  • Leisure/Hospitality (10.5%)
  • Professional/Business Services (9.5%)
  • Construction/Mining (5.2%)
  • Manufacturing (4.2%)
  • Financial Activities (3.6%)
  • Other Services (2.8%)